The Commission are to publish revised recommendations on 13 April 2006 for the following nine provisionally recommended parliamentary constituencies in Greater Manchester:-
Ashton-under-Lyne BC Denton BC Hazel Grove CC Heywood and Middleton CC Oldham East and Saddleworth CC Oldham West and Royton BC Rochdale CC Stockport BC Worsley CC
The revised recommendations take account of the recommendations contained in the report submitted to the Commission by the Assistant Commissioner, Mr Nicholas Elliott QC, who considered the written representations made to the Commission and the views expressed at the local inquiry held between 31 October 2005 and 17 November 2005.
The Commission are proposing no further changes to the following sixteen provisionally recommended constituencies in Greater Manchester and confirm their provisional recommendations as their final recommendations for:-
Altrincham and Sale West BC Blackley and Broughton BC Bolton North East BC Bolton South East BC Bolton West CC Cheadle BC Leigh CC Makerfield CC Manchester Central BC Manchester, Gorton BC Manchester, Withington BC Salford and Eccles BC Stalybridge and Hyde CC Stretford and Urmston BC Wigan CC Wythenshawe and Sale East BC
Final recommendations for the two constituencies wholly contained within the Borough of Bury were announced on 22 June 2005.
1. The Boundary Commission are to publish revised recommendations for the composition of eight parliamentary constituencies and for the name of one parliamentary constituency in Greater Manchester on 13 April 2006. The Commission published their provisional recommendations for Greater Manchester on 10 March 2005. Their final decisions in respect of the Borough of Bury were contained in a separate news release that was issued on 22 June 2005.
2. Objections to the provisional recommendations led to a public inquiry, which was held in Manchester from 31 October 2005 to 17 November 2005. The Assistant Commissioner, Mr Nicholas Elliott QC, who conducted the inquiry has recommended changes to the Commission's provisional recommendations with regard to twelve wards in the Boroughs of Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, and Tameside, and the name of one constituency in the City of Salford. Having considered his report, recommendations and the evidence submitted, the Commission have decided to accept in full his recommendations and revise their proposals accordingly.
Assistant Commissioner's Report
3. The Assistant Commissioner has supported the Commission's decision to allocate twenty-seven constituencies to the whole of Greater Manchester. He reported that the objections included sixteen counter-proposals and the main issues raised in them were specifically:-
(a) how to divide the Cities of Manchester and Salford and the Borough of Trafford between constituencies;
(b) whether the Borough of Bolton should remain as a "stand alone" borough, or be paired with the Borough of Wigan;
(c) whether the Borough of Wigan should be paired with the Borough of Bolton, or be grouped with the City of Salford and the Borough of Trafford;
(d) whether the Borough of Rochdale should be grouped with the Boroughs of Oldham and Tameside, or be a "stand alone" borough;
(e) whether the Borough of Stockport should be a "stand alone" borough, or be included in a group with the Boroughs of Oldham and Tameside;
(f) how to divide the Boroughs of Oldham and Tameside between constituencies.
BOLTON AND WIGAN
4. The Commission had provisionally recommended that the Borough of Bolton and the Borough of Wigan should be paired for the purpose of allocating parliamentary constituencies, with six constituencies allocated to the pair. The Assistant Commissioner reported that this arrangement was objected to, with four of the counter-proposals suggesting alternative divisions of the Boroughs between constituencies, including alternative pairing/grouping arrangements with neighbouring boroughs.
5. The Assistant Commissioner reported that the major issues were the provisionally recommended inclusion of the Bolton Borough ward of Hulton in Bolton South East BC and the Wigan Borough ward of Atherton in Bolton West CC. He noted that it was claimed that the Hulton ward had closer ties with the wards in Bolton West CC, than it did with the wards in Bolton South East BC. He also noted that the effect of one of the counter-proposals would be that Bolton South East BC would contain only six Bolton Borough wards with an electorate of 62,829, making it the smallest constituency in Greater Manchester. He considered that this electorate was unnecessarily low and that the Hulton ward had close ties with the neighbouring wards of Harper Green and Rumworth in Bolton South East BC, which justified the Hulton ward's inclusion in that constituency. He also reported that there was evidence of the Atherton ward's ties with Bolton and he, therefore, considered that it was acceptable to include the ward within Bolton West CC.
6. Having confirmed that Bolton and Wigan should be paired, the Assistant Commissioner rejected the counter-proposals that suggested changes to the three constituencies in the Borough of Wigan. He agreed that the wards of Hindley and Hindley Green should be included in Makerfield CC. He accepted the evidence that the Ince ward contained part of the town of Wigan and that it would break these ties to include the ward in Makerfield CC. He also rejected the counter-proposals that suggested that the existing Worsley CC, which included wards from both the City of Salford and the Borough of Wigan, should be retained.
MANCHESTER, SALFORD, AND TRAFFORD
7. The Commission provisionally recommended that the City of Manchester be grouped with the City of Salford and the Borough of Trafford, with nine constituencies allocated to the group. The Assistant Commissioner reported that this arrangement was objected to, with alternative groupings for all three boroughs being suggested. He reported that there were objections to the creation of the provisionally recommended Blackley and Broughton BC that contained wards from both the City of Manchester and the City of Salford, and to the provisionally recommended Wythenshawe and Sale East BC, which was unchanged in the proposals and contained wards from the City of Manchester and from the Borough of Trafford. He also reported that there were strong objections to the counter-proposal that suggested the creation of a Salford and The Quays BC, which crossed the Manchester Ship Canal and would contain wards from the City of Salford and from the Borough of Trafford, as there were also strong objections to the division of the town of Eccles between the provisionally recommended Salford and Eccles BC and Worsley CC.
8. The Assistant Commissioner rejected the counter-proposals for constituencies in the Borough of Trafford. He noted that the Commission's provisionally recommended constituencies moved only the very minimum of electors within the Borough, in order to respect the new ward boundaries. He accepted the evidence that Wythenshawe and Sale East BC had come to be accepted by the electorate since its creation in 1997 and he considered that there was no need to disrupt this constituency. He noted the strong opposition to the creation of a constituency that crossed the Manchester Ship Canal and he considered that the Canal provided a clearly identifiable boundary which should not be breached.
9. In the City of Salford, the Assistant Commissioner considered that the River Irwell formed a clear and identifiable boundary between the Broughton and Kersal wards and the remainder of Salford. He agreed with the provisional recommendations that these two wards should be included in Blackley and Broughton BC. He reported that there was evidence of close links between the City of Manchester ward of Cheetham and the City of Salford ward of Broughton.
10. He reported that there had been a number of objections to the provisional recommendations because they divided the town of Eccles between constituencies, which he noted had a long history of Parliamentary representation. He also noted the evidence that the City of Salford wards of Cadishead and Irlam would be isolated from the remainder of Worsley CC, because all of their connections were through Eccles.
11. He reported favourably on the principal of keeping all the town of Eccles in a single constituency but considered the consequences of doing so created similar objections and concerns and created far more disruption in the wards in the City of Manchester than was otherwise required. He concluded that such disruption could not be justified by the desire to retain a constituency which contained the whole of the town. He noted that the City of Salford wards of Barton and Winton provided a link between the wards of Cadishead and Irlam and Worsley CC. He, therefore, rejected the counter-proposals that suggested alternative divisions of the City of Salford between constituencies. However, he recommended that the Commission's provisionally recommended Worsley CC should be renamed Worsley and Eccles South CC to reflect the inclusion of part of Eccles in the constituency.
12. In the City of Manchester, the Assistant Commissioner rejected the counter-proposals that would have resulted in disruption to the existing constituency arrangement. He considered that the Mersey Valley and the M60 provided a clear boundary between the provisionally recommended Wythenshawe and Sale East BC and Manchester, Withington BC. He noted the evidence that the Didsbury area would be divided between constituencies if the City of Manchester wards of Didsbury East and Didsbury West were included in a constituency with Wythenshawe. He reported that there had been objections to the two counter-proposals that suggested the creation of a constituency that included the City of Manchester wards of Gorton North and Gorton South and wards from the Borough of Tameside. He also reported that there were objections to the counter-proposal which suggested that the City of Manchester ward of Charlestown should be included in a constituency with wards from the Borough of Oldham.
13. The Assistant Commissioner reported that there were objections to the inclusion of the City of Manchester ward of Whalley Range in the provisionally recommended Manchester, Gorton BC. He noted that it was argued that the Whalley Range ward had stronger ties with the neighbouring City of Manchester wards of Hulme and Moss Side, which are in the provisionally recommended Manchester Central BC, than with the City of Manchester wards of Gorton North and Gorton South. However, whilst accepting this evidence, he concluded that the Whalley Range ward had particularly close ties with the neighbouring City of Manchester ward of Fallowfield, which was in Manchester, Gorton BC. He also concluded that the Whalley Range ward was a more appropriate ward to include in Manchester, Gorton BC, than the City of Manchester ward of Ardwick, which he considered to be pivotal to Manchester Central BC.
14. He noted that there were objections to the inclusion of the City of Manchester ward of Moston in the provisionally recommended Manchester Central BC and that it was argued that the Moston ward had close ties with the neighbouring City of Manchester wards of Charlestown and Harpurhey. He also noted that it was suggested that the City of Manchester ward of Cheetham should be included in Manchester Central BC in place of the Moston ward. He concluded that the Cheetham ward had to be included in Blackley and Broughton BC to provide a link between the Manchester and Salford parts of the proposed constituency, and that the Moston ward was, therefore, the most appropriate ward to be included in Manchester Central BC.
OLDHAM, ROCHDALE, STOCKPORT, AND TAMESIDE
15. The Commission provisionally recommended that the existing group of the Boroughs of Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport and Tameside should not be retained. They considered that the Borough of Stockport was of a suitable size to form three constituencies on its own and that the three other Boroughs should remain grouped together. The Commission did not propose to alter the number of constituencies allocated to the four Boroughs as a whole, but they suggested changes to all ten of the existing constituencies.
16. The Assistant Commissioner reported that there were objections to all ten of the provisionally recommended constituencies and he noted the strength of the objection to the composition of Ashton-under-Lyne BC. Under the Commission's proposals it would not include the Tameside Borough ward of St Peter's, which contained much of the heart of the town of Ashton-under-Lyne. He also reported that there were objections to the Commission's decision to continue to include the Borough of Rochdale in a group with the Boroughs of Oldham and Tameside, and to the Commission's decision not to retain the Borough of Stockport within the group of four Boroughs.
17. In the Borough of Rochdale, the Assistant Commissioner reported that there was a counter-proposal which suggested that the Borough should be allocated two whole constituencies and that the ward of Milnrow and Newhey should be included in Rochdale CC, rather than in the provisionally recommended Oldham East and Saddleworth CC. He also reported that it was suggested that the Bamford ward should be included in Heywood and Middleton CC, instead of in Rochdale CC. He considered that there was merit in the counter-proposal and he accepted the evidence that there were ties between the Rochdale Borough wards of Bamford and Norden. He noted that this would result in Heywood and Middleton CC having an electorate of 78,036, which would be the largest in Greater Manchester, but he considered that this would not be excessively large. He also noted that the ward of Milnrow and Newhey had been in the same constituency as the Oldham Borough wards of Crompton and Shaw for many years, but he considered that there would be benefits in including the ward in Rochdale CC.
18. In the Borough of Stockport, the Assistant Commissioner reported that there were two counter-proposals. One of the counter-proposals agreed with the Commission's provisional decision to recommend that the Borough should not be paired or grouped with any of the neighbouring Boroughs, but suggested that the Stepping Hill ward should be included in Hazel Grove CC, the Manor ward should be included in Stockport BC, and the Davenport and Cale Green ward should be included in Cheadle BC. The other counter-proposal suggested that the Manor ward should be included in Stockport BC and that the Reddish North and Reddish South wards should not be included in Stockport BC, but remain in a cross-borough Denton and Reddish BC, with wards from the Borough of Tameside.
19. He considered that, whilst there was strong evidence in support of the inclusion of the Manor ward in Stockport BC and the Stepping Hill ward in Hazel Grove CC, there was also strong evidence against the inclusion of the Davenport and Cale Green ward in Cheadle BC. He, therefore, rejected the counter-proposal that sought to transfer these three wards. He noted the evidence that the Reddish North and Reddish South wards were very close to the centre of Stockport, but he concluded that the two wards were essentially self contained and that, if these two wards were included in a cross-borough Denton and Reddish constituency, as they are at present, it would enable him to recommend other changes to correct the defects which he considered existed in the constituency boundaries in the Boroughs of Oldham and Tameside. He, therefore, recommended acceptance of the counter-proposal to include the wards of Reddish North and Reddish South in Denton and Reddish BC and the ward of Manor in Stockport BC.
20. In the Borough of Tameside, the Assistant Commissioner considered that it was a pre-requisite of any counter-proposal that the St Peter's ward should be included in Ashton-under-Lyne BC, which he noted had a very wide measure of support. He accepted the evidence that it would be a serious breach of local ties to divide the town of Ashton-under-Lyne between constituencies. He also noted that the St Peter's ward contained part of Audenshaw and that there had been support for the inclusion of the wards of Audenshaw and St Peter's in the same constituency, but he concluded that it would be a more substantial breaking of ties not to include the St Peter's ward in Ashton-under-Lyne BC, than to keep Audenshaw and St Peter's together.
21. Having recommended that the Stockport Borough wards of Reddish North and Reddish South should be included in Denton BC, and that the constituency be renamed Denton and Reddish BC, he also recommended that the Tameside Borough wards of Droylsden East and Droylsden West should be included in Ashton-under-Lyne BC. He noted that these alterations to the provisional recommendations reduced the amount of change to the existing pattern of constituencies in the Boroughs of Stockport and Tameside. He rejected the other counter-proposals that suggested more far reaching changes to the pattern of constituencies in the Borough of Tameside.
22. In the Borough of Oldham, the Assistant Commissioner reported that there were objections to the inclusion of the St Mary's ward in Oldham West and Royton BC and the Alexandra, Hollinwood and Medlock Vale wards in Ashton-under-Lyne BC. He noted that it was argued that the provisionally recommended Ashton-under-Lyne BC contained less of the town of Ashton-under-Lyne than it did of the town of Oldham. Having concluded that there should be changes to Ashton-under-Lyne BC, he recommended that the Alexandra and St Mary's wards should be included in Oldham East and Saddleworth CC and that the Hollinwood and Medlock Vale wards should be included in Oldham West and Royton BC.
23. The Assistant Commissioner reported that the name of Oldham West and Royton BC was objected to because it did not include reference to the town of Chadderton. He rejected any alternative name, noting that the current constituency name had been in existence for a lengthy period of time.
24. After considering the Assistant Commissioner's report, the transcript of the inquiry and the written representations, the Commission decided to accept the Assistant Commissioner's proposed alterations to the provisional recommendations. They considered that his report had been very thorough and dealt fully with all of the issues raised in the written representations and at the inquiry. They noted that there had been a great deal of evidence in support of the changes he recommended. They accepted the argument that, whilst there had been objections to the retention of the Denton and Reddish constituency, the Assistant Commissioner had justified his decision because it allowed him to recommend other changes that were supported by the evidence in the Boroughs of Oldham and Tameside.
25. The Commission noted that there had been limited support for the revised name of the Worsley and Eccles South CC, but they considered that this was an acceptable compromise to the problem of the division of Eccles between constituencies.
Composition of Constituencies
26. No change is proposed to the name or composition of the following fifteen constituencies in Greater Manchester and no further representations will be considered:-
ALTRINCHAM AND SALE WEST BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (69,605) BLACKLEY AND BROUGHTON BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (65,982) BOLTON NORTH EAST BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (71,024) BOLTON SOUTH EAST BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (73,348) BOLTON WEST COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (68,575) CHEADLE BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (72,933) LEIGH COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (74,231) MAKERFIELD COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (72,903) MANCHESTER CENTRAL BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (69,600) MANCHESTER, GORTON BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (70,845) MANCHESTER, WITHINGTON BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (69,187) SALFORD AND ECCLES BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (73,162) STALYBRIDGE AND HYDE COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (66,563) STRETFORD AND URMSTON BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (72,414) WIGAN COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (76,467) WYTHENSHAWE AND SALE EAST BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (72,093)
27. No change is proposed to the composition of the following constituency. However its revised name would be (2000 electorates in brackets):-
WORSLEY AND ECCLES SOUTH COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (72,554)
28. The composition of the eight revised constituencies in Greater Manchester would be (2000 electorates in brackets):-
ASHTON-UNDER-LYNE BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (67,334). Two wards of the Borough of Oldham:- Failsworth East, Failsworth West; six wards of the Borough of Tameside:- Ashton Hurst, Ashton St Michael's, Ashton Waterloo, Droylsden East, Droylsden West, St Peter's.
DENTON AND REDDISH BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (65,855). Two wards of the Borough of Stockport:- Reddish North, Reddish South; five wards of the Borough of Tameside:- Audenshaw, Denton North East, Denton South, Denton West, Dukinfield.
HAZEL GROVE COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (63,519). Six wards of the Borough of Stockport:- Bredbury and Woodley, Bredbury Green and Romiley, Hazel Grove, Marple North, Marple South, Offerton.
HEYWOOD AND MIDDLETON COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (78,036). Ten wards of the Borough of Rochdale:- Bamford, Castleton, East Middleton, Hopwood Hall, Norden, North Heywood, North Middleton, South Middleton, West Heywood, West Middleton.
OLDHAM EAST AND SADDLEWORTH COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (70,984). Nine wards of the Borough of Oldham:- Alexandra, Crompton, Saddleworth North, Saddleworth South, Saddleworth West and Lees, St James', St Mary's, Shaw, Waterhead.
OLDHAM WEST AND ROYTON BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (70,947). Nine wards of the Borough of Oldham:- Chadderton Central, Chadderton North, Chadderton South, Coldhurst, Hollinwood, Medlock Vale, Royton North, Royton South, Werneth.
ROCHDALE COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (73,807). Ten wards of the Borough of Rochdale:- Balderstone and Kirkholt, Central Rochdale, Healey, Kingsway, Littleborough Lakeside, Milkstone and Deeplish, Milnrow and Newhey, Smallbridge and Firgrove, Spotland and Falinge, Wardle and West Littleborough.
STOCKPORT BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (64,679). Six wards of the Borough of Stockport:- Brinnington and Central, Davenport and Cale Green, Edgeley and Cheadle Heath, Heatons North, Heatons South, Manor.
Publication of Revised Recommendations
29. The revised recommendations will be published formally in a notice appearing in local newspapers in Greater Manchester on 13 April 2006. Local authorities, MPs, the Political Parties' Headquarters, and others will be sent a copy of the recommendations. The notice will also be published on the Commission's web site at:- http://www.statistics.gov.uk/pbc/
30. Outline maps showing the Commission's revised and final recommendations for Greater Manchester are contained within this news release, together with a list of all the wards and their 2000 electorates which the Commission are required to use (see back pages). The letters and numbers on the outline maps relate to the boroughs and wards in the lists. Please note the Crown Copyright warning on page 11.
Places of Inspection
31. A copy of the revised recommendations and maps illustrating them together with the Assistant Commissioner's report may be inspected, once the notice has been published in local newspapers on 13 April 2006, at the following places:-
ALTRINCHAM Trafford Direct, Stamford New Road, Altrincham
ASHTON-IN-MAKERFIELD Ashton District Office, Town Hall, Bryn Street, Ashton-in-Makerfield
ASHTON-UNDER-LYNE Corporate Services Department, Council Offices, Wellington Road, Ashton-under-Lyne
BOLTON One Stop Shop, Ground Floor, Town Hall, Bolton
BURY Town Hall, Knowsley Street, Bury
CHEADLE Cheadle Library, Ashfield Road, Cheadle
DENTON Customer Service Centre, Market Street, Denton
FARNWORTH Area Office, Town Hall, Farnworth
HEYWOOD Information Office, Hind Hill Street, Heywood
HAZEL GROVE Hazel Grove Information Centre, Civic Hall, London Road, Hazel Grove
HORWICH Area Office, Town Hall, Horwich
HYDE Customer Service Centre, Town Hall, Hyde
IRLAM Housing Directorate Office, Astley Road, Irlam
LEIGH Leigh District Office, Town Hall, Market Street, Leigh
MANCHESTER Gorton Library, Garratt Way, Manchester
New Moston Library, Nuthurst Road, Moston, Manchester
Town Hall, Albert Square, Manchester
Withington Library, Wilmslow Road, Manchester
Wythenshawe Central Library, The Forum Centre, Manchester
OLDHAM One Stop Shop, Civic Centre, West Street, Oldham
Uppermill Library, St.Chad's, Uppermill, Oldham
PRESTWICH Prestwich Library, Longfield Centre, Prestwich
ROCHDALE Town Hall, The Esplanade, Rochdale
SALE Trafford Direct, Waterside House, Sale Waterside, Sale
SALFORD Broadwalk Information Centre, Broadwalk, Salford
STALYBRIDGE Stalybridge Library, Trinity Street, Stalybridge
STOCKPORT Town Hall, Edward Street, Stockport
STRETFORD Trafford Town Hall, Talbot Road, Stretford
SWINTON Salford Civic Centre, Chorley Road, Swinton
WESTHOUGHTON Area Office, Town Hall, Westhoughton
WIGAN The Elections Office, Town Hall, Library Street, Wigan
WORSLEY Housing Directorate Office, Bridgewater Road, Worsley
Representation Period: 13 April 2006 to 17 May 2006
32. As with their provisional recommendations, the Commission are statutorily required to consider representations about their revised recommendations. The normal one month representation period has been extended to 17 May 2006 to allow for the Easter holiday. No further representations can be considered for those constituencies where the Commission are announcing their final recommendations.
33. Representations about the revised recommendations for the constituencies affected should be addressed to the Boundary Commission for England, D1/02, 1 Drummond Gate, London, SW1V 2QQ, or faxed to 020 7533 5176, or emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org. All representations received by the Commission will be acknowledged. It should be noted that the Commission are not statutorily required to hold second inquiries into representations about their revised recommendations.
34. Please note that the Commission are not statutorily required to consider any representations made after 17 May 2006, but will endeavour to take late representations into account. However, the later the representation is made, the more difficult this will be. The Commission therefore ask that all representations be made within the extended period. Those who make representations are requested to say whether they approve of, or object to, the Commission's revised recommendations and to give reasons for approval or objection.
35. The Commission wish to stress that their provisional recommendations relate solely to parliamentary constituencies and do not affect county, district or parish boundaries, local taxes, or the administration of local services, or result in changes to postcodes. Nor is there any evidence that the recommendations have an adverse effect on house prices, or car and house insurance premiums. The Commission will not, therefore, take account of any representation made about these issues.
36. The Commission are constituted under Schedule 1 to the Parliamentary Constituencies Act 1986. The ex officio Chairman is the Speaker of the House of Commons. The Deputy Chairman, who presides over Commission meetings, is a High Court Judge appointed by the Lord Chancellor. The other two Commissioners are appointed by the Secretary of State. The two Assessors to the Commission are the Registrar General of England and Wales and the Director General of Ordnance Survey. Assistant Commissioners are lawyers appointed by the Secretary of State to conduct local inquiries.
37. The Commission are required by the Parliamentary Constituencies Act 1986 as amended by the Boundary Commissions Act 1992 to conduct a general review of all the constituencies in England every eight to twelve years. The Commission completed their previous general review on 12 April 1995 and must therefore complete the current review after 11 April 2003 and before 12 April 2007.
38. The general review started formally with the publication of a notice in the London Gazette on 17 February 2000. The Commission's recommendations throughout the review must by law be based on the numbers of electors on the electoral registers on that date.
39. In recommending new constituencies, the Commission are required to give effect to the Rules for Redistribution of Seats which are contained in Schedule 2 to the 1986 Act.
40. Rule 1 places a limit on the total number of constituencies. Rule 2 requires single member constituencies. Rule 3 relates to the City of London. Rule 4 states that county and London borough boundaries are to be followed so far as is practicable. Rule 5 states that the electorates of constituencies are to be as nearly equal as practicable. Rule 6 allows the Commission to depart from Rules 4 and 5 if special geographical considerations make a departure desirable. Rule 7 allows the Commission to depart from other Rules; and requires them to take account of inconveniences caused or local ties broken by changes to constituencies. Rule 8 defines the electoral quota as the total number of parliamentary electors in England at the start of a review (36,995,495) divided by the existing number of constituencies (529), and requires the Commission to use the electorates as at the start of a review.
41. In conducting a general review of constituencies, the Commission are required by the legislation to follow certain procedures, principally to provide for public consultation.
42. The Secretary of State must be given notice of a review and that notice must be published in the London Gazette. Provisional recommendations must be published in newspapers in the affected constituencies and, unless the proposals are for no changes to be made, they must also be deposited for public inspection in at least one place in each affected constituency.
43. Representations may be made within one month of publication of the provisional recommendations and the Commission must take any representations into consideration. Where objections are received from a Borough Council or a body of 100 or more electors, a local inquiry must be held.
44. If the Commission revise their recommendations as a result of an inquiry, the revised recommendations must also be published and further representations invited and considered. A second local inquiry cannot be forced by these further representations, but there is discretionary power to hold a second inquiry. Any further modifications, as a result of further representations or a second inquiry, must also be published and representations invited. When the Commission have decided their final recommendations for the whole country, they must submit a report to the Secretary of State.
Implementation of the recommendations
45. The Secretary of State has a statutory duty to lay the Commission's report before Parliament together with a draft Order in Council giving effect to the Commission's recommendations with or without modifications. If modifications are proposed, the Secretary of State must also lay a statement of reasons for the modifications.
46. The draft Order in Council is submitted to both Houses of Parliament for approval and, after it is made by Her Majesty in Council, it cannot be called into question in any legal proceedings. The new constituencies take effect at the general election following the making of the Order in Council.
47. The above information is intended to be a general guide only. For a definitive statement of the law, please refer to the Parliamentary Constituencies Act 1986 - as amended by the Boundary Commissions Act 1992, the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, the Government of Wales Act 1998, and the Scotland Act 1998 - together with the Court of Appeal ruling in R v Boundary Commission for England Ex parte Foot  QB 600.
48. The outline maps, which form part of this document, and the map deposited at the addresses listed above are based on Ordnance Survey data and are subject to (c)Crown copyright. Unauthorised reproduction will infringe Crown copyright and may lead to prosecution or civil proceedings.
49. Any person wishing to reproduce the outline map or the maps placed on deposit should first contact the Copyright Office at Ordnance Survey, Romsey Road, Southampton SO16 4GU (telephone 023 8079 2929).
50. Should you require further information about the Commission's review of the constituencies in Greater Manchester, or about other aspects of the Commission's work, please write to the Boundary Commission for England, D1/02, 1 Drummond Gate, London, SW1V 2QQ or telephone:-
Greater Manchester enquiries: 020 7533 5173 or 020 7533 5142 General enquiries: 020 7533 5177 Fax: 020 7533 5176
Email address for Greater Manchester enquiries: email@example.com General enquiries: firstname.lastname@example.org
51. The Internet version of this news release is now available on:- http://www.statistics.gov.uk/pbc/
BOLTON AND WIGAN 2000 WARD ELECTORATES TO BE USED THROUGHOUT THE REVIEW BOLTON BOROUGH 202,743 WIGAN BOROUGH 233,805 1. Astley Bridge 10,132 1. Abram 10,013 2. Bradshaw 10,235 2. Ashton 8,898 3. Breightmet 10,512 3. Aspull New 10,079 Springs Whelley 4. Bromley Cross 10,256 4. Astley Mosley 7,172 Common 5. Crompton 10,400 5. Atherleigh 7,871 6. Farnworth 9,453 6. Atherton 10,204 7. Great Lever 10,779 7. Bryn 9,137 8. Halliwell 10,050 8. Douglas 9,424 9. Harper Green 10,841 9. Golborne and 8,772 Lowton West 10. Heaton and Lostock 10,211 10. Hindley 9,299 11. Horwich and Blackrod 9,433 11. Hindley Green 9,391 12. Horwich North East 9,596 12. Ince 9,494 13. Hulton 10,519 13. Leigh East 7,968 14. Kearsley 10,385 14. Leigh South 10,637 15. Little Lever and Darcy 10,643 15. Leigh West 11,459 Lever 16. Rumworth 10,728 16. Lowton East 8,079 17. Smithills 10,400 17. Orrell 8,538 18. Tonge with the Haulgh 9,439 18. Pemberton 10,536 19. Westhoughton North and 19. Shevington with Lower Chew Moor 9,475 Ground 10,122 20. Westhoughton South 9,256 20. Standish with 6,914 Langtree 21. Tyldesley 12,273 22. Wigan Central 9,503 23. Wigan West 10,395 24. Winstanley 8,297 25. Worsley Mesnes 9,330
MANCHESTER, SALFORD, AND TRAFFORD 2000 WARD ELECTORATES TO BE USED THROUGHOUT THE REVIEW CITY OF MANCHESTER 307,664 CITY OF SALFORD 162,550 1. Ancoats and Clayton 7,762 1. Barton 8,942 2. Ardwick 9,572 2. Boothstown and 3. Baguley 9,893 Ellenbrook 7,463 4. Bradford 9,088 3. Broughton 8,858 5. Brooklands 9,582 4. Cadishead 6,790 6. Burnage 9,826 5. Claremont 8,120 7. Charlestown 8,981 6. Eccles 8,225 8. Cheetham 8,917 7. Irlam 7,052 9. Chorlton 10,163 8. Irwell 7,768 Riverside 10. Chorlton Park 9,128 9. Kersal 7,976 11. City Centre 4,402 10. Langworthy 9,923 12. Crumpsall 9,632 11. Little Hulton 9,108 13. Didsbury East 9,938 12. Ordsall 5,548 14. Didsbury West 10,189 13. Pendlebury 8,347 15. Fallowfield 9,991 14. Swinton North 8,431 16. Gorton North 10,516 15. Swinton South 8,485 17. Gorton South 10,829 16. Walkden North 8,359 18. Harpurhey 11,510 17. Walkden South 8,033 19. Higher Blackley 10,108 18. Weaste and 8,315 Seedley 20. Hulme 7,772 19. Winton 8,625 21. Levenshulme 10,191 20. Worsley 8,182 22. Longsight 9,921 23. Miles Platting and TRAFFORD 165,228 BOROUGH Newton Heath 10,368 24. Moss Side 9,683 1. Altrincham 7,435 25. Moston 10,953 2. Ashton upon 7,529 Mersey 26. Northenden 10,191 3. Bowdon 7,073 27. Old Moat 10,305 4. Broadheath 8,255 28. Rusholme 9,624 5. Brooklands 7,865 29. Sharston 9,817 6. Bucklow-St 7,693 Martins 30. Whalley Range 9,773 7. Clifford 7,585 31. Withington 9,638 8. Davyhulme East 8,125 32. Woodhouse Park 9,401 9. Davyhulme West 7,743 10. Flixton 8,459 11. Gorse Hill 8,184 12. Hale Burns 7,531 13. Hale Central 7,273 14. Longford 8,531 15. Priory 7,561 16. St Mary's 8,513 17. Sale Moor 7,783 18. Stretford 7,998 19. Timperley 8,376 20. Urmston 8,096 21. Village 7,620
DHAM, ROCHDALE, STOCKPORT, AND TAMESIDE 2000 WARD ELECTORATES TO BE USED THROUGHOUT THE REVIEW OLDHAM BOROUGH 157,891 ROCHDALE BOROUGH 151,843 1. Alexandra 6,707 1. Balderstone 7,110 and Kirkholt 2. Chadderton 7,641 2. Bamford 7,565 Central 3. Chadderton 7,985 3. Castleton 7,775 North 4. Chadderton 8,035 4. Central 7,366 South Rochdale 5. Coldhurst 7,795 5. East 7,812 Middleton 6. Crompton 8,610 6. Healey 7,329 7. Failsworth 7,938 7. Hopwood Hall 8,023 East 8. Failsworth 8,022 8. Kingsway 7,583 West 9. Hollinwood 7,636 9. Littleborough 7,812 Lakeside 10. Medlock 7,830 10. Milkstone and 7,158 Vale Deeplish 11. Royton 8,320 11. Milnrow and 7,740 North Newhey 12. Royton 7,999 12. Norden 7,083 South 13. Saddleworth 7,966 13. North Heywood 7,516 North 14. Saddleworth 7,374 14. North 7,666 South Middleton 15. Saddleworth 8,348 15. Smallbridge 7,448 West and and Firgrove Lees 16. St James' 7,858 16. South 7,904 Middleton 17. St Mary's 7,956 17. Spotland and 7,863 Falinge 18. Shaw 8,021 18. Wardle and West 19. Waterhead 8,144 Littleborough 6,398 20. Werneth 7,706 19. West Heywood 8,508 20. West 8,184 Middleton STOCKPORT 222,482 TAMESIDE 162,441 BOROUGH BOROUGH 1. Bramhall 10,805 1. Ashton Hurst 8,899 North 2. Bramhall 9,926 2. Ashton St 8,222 South Michael's 3. Bredbury 10,944 3. Ashton 8,562 and Woodley Waterloo 4. Bredbury 11,197 4. Audenshaw 8,626 Green and Romiley 5. Brinnington 10,601 5. Denton North 8,726 and Central East 6. Cheadle and 11,435 6. Denton South 8,641 Gatley 7. Cheadle 10,040 7. Denton West 9,336 Hulme North 8. Cheadle 10,315 8. Droylsden 8,420 Hulme South East 9. Davenport 10,639 9. Droylsden 9,037 and Cale West Green 10. Edgeley and 11,098 10. Dukinfield 9,175 Cheadle Heath 11. Hazel Grove 11,004 11. Dukinfield 8,592 Stalybridge 12. Heald Green 10,238 12. Hyde Godley 8,087 13. Heatons 10,826 13. Hyde Newton 8,991 North 14. Heatons 10,809 14. Hyde Werneth 8,437 South 15. Manor 10,706 15. Longdendale 8,051 16. Marple 10,126 16. Mossley 7,753 North 17. Marple 9,796 17. St Peter's 8,234 South 18. Offerton 10,452 18. Stalybridge 8,736 North 19. Reddish 10,536 19. Stalybridge 7,916 North South 20. Reddish 10,815 South 21. Stepping 10,174 Hill
Boundary Commission for England
Boundary Commission for England D1/02 1 Drummond Gate London SW1V 2FF Web Site http://www.statistics.gov.uk/pbc/